Thursday, August 19, 2010


Animal Science in the specialty area it you are interested in careers on the science side of
agriculture. Animal scientists conduct research designed to improve the production and
processing of meats, fish and dairy products. They use biotechnology to study the genetics,  nutrition, reproduction, growth, and development of domesticated farm animals. 
Some animal scientists inspect and grade livestock food products, purchase livestock, or work in technical sales or marketing. As extension agents or consultants, animal scientists advise agricultural producers on how to upgrade animal housing facilities properly, lower
mortality rates among their animals, handle waste matter properly, or increase the
production of animal products, such as milk or eggs.
Agribusiness is a big, business. People with a business background are needed and
employed as: marketing and merchandising specialists; sales representatives; agricultural
economists; accountants; finance managers, and; commodity traders, just to name a few.
And that’s still not all. Other career possibilities exist in the areas of communications &
education, social services, and agricultural production. And, even though food production
often takes center stage, don’t forget, as we mentioned earlier, that textiles and fibers also makeup a large portion of the agricultural industry
Job Opportunities in Agriculture:
Placements and Prospects

India is among the largest producers of vegetables and fruits in the world and has an equally
strong floriculture base. Today India’s agriculture has become globalised and the idea of
integrating Indian agriculture with the world economy is getting support. India has
enormous potential as an exporter of agricultural commodities ranging from mushrooms to
flowers, spices, cereals, oilseeds and vegetables. The spurt in government support for export
of agri-products has evoked considerable interest among the large business houses which
have worked out agreements for technology transfer, marketing tie-ups, and management
and trading contacts with leading foreign counterparts. Horticulture with its offshoot
floriculture has become a focus of export activity. India’s exports of roses, carnations,
gladioli, chrysanthemums, jasmine and other tropical plants and flowers are touching new
In the field of fruits and vegetables too, India has tremendous export potential. With the
commercialisation of agriculture and horticulture there are varied opportunities for salaried
jobs as well as entrepreneurship. While salaried jobs with various government and private
concerns provide a regular income, entrepreneurship can generate handsome profits.
Landscapers and horticulturists are hired by hotels, health farms, and holiday resorts to
beautify their surroundings. Florists and nurseries are doing lucrative business especially in
the metropolitan cities. Suburban farmhouses have become important suppliers for the
domestic market. 

Agricultural University 

Different agricultural universities recruit agricultural postgraduates for different post from
concerned field of specialisation. Following are some of the positions which are generally
advertised by agricultural universities- Plant Pathologist, Plant Pathologist , Breeder , Agro-
meteorologist, Economic Botanist., Research Engineer, Agronomist, Scientist, Associate

Other posts are Assistant Scientists, Assistant Professors , District Extension Specialists,
Assistant Plant Pathologist , Assistant Bacteriologist, Assistant Botanist, Assistant Soil
Chemist, Junior Pedologist, Assistant Economic Botanist, Assistant Fruit Breeder, Assistant
Seed Research Officer, Assistant Seed Research Officer, Junior Entomologist, Assistant
Breeder, Junior Breeder , Junior Agronomist, Assistant Vegetable Botanist , Seed
Production Assistant, Assistant Research Scientist, Assistant Plant Physiologist.
Qualification for all above posts is Doctor Degree/ master degree in concerned disciple.
However for some posts experience in concerned field is required and for Assistant
professor and other teaching post, candidate should be NET qualified (conducted by UGC/
CSIR/ICAR/Other). For senior level post Ph.D in concerned field is compulsory requirement
Indian Council of Agricultural Research
One can choose career under ICAR in the areas of research; one can become an Agricultural
Research Scientists (ARS). The recruitment to these posts is made through ARS/ NET
examination is conducted for Scientist post and lectureship. Presently first time ASRB has
change the ARS/NET exam criteria. Now ASRB will conduct ARS/NET (Preliminary and
Main) examination. Only those candidates who qualify the preliminary examination will be
called for Main examination. Candidate for ARS interview will be selected on the basis of
performance in main examination..
Also ICAR has better option for agricultural graduates, postgraduates and for doctorate
degree holders. Bachelor degree holder can apply for some technical post in concerned
discipline. Also some technical post of level of T-5 (Technical Officer) is better option for
postgraduate and above the  Technical(T-5) post like T-6 etc and subject matter specialist in
Krishi Vigyan Kendras are better opportunities for Ph.D degree holders.
State Agricultural DepartmentS
One can become an Agriculture Development Officers (ADO). The post is equivalent to that
of the Block Development Officers (BDO). Recruitment to these posts is made on the basis
of an examination conducted by public service commission/concerned department.
You can also apply for the post of a Research Scientist in organisations in the private sector.
There, your services may also be utilised in the laboratories in private labs. The desired
qualification required for this purpose is of doctoral level i.e. a Ph.D.
Banking Sector
After doing your B.Sc. you are eligible to apply for jobs offered by banks, finance sector
seed  companies, breeding farms, poultry farms and insurance companies etc. Reserve Bank
of India, State Bank of India and the nationalised banks offer openings for postgraduates in
agriculture and allied areas as Field Officers, Rural Development Officers and Agricultural
and Probationary Officers.
Seed Companies
Another job opportunity is to join seed companies as Seed Officer, Scientist (Breeding,
plant protection etc.), and technical and other field jobs. Besides these, job opportunities
also exist in the areas of farm management, land appraisal, grading, packaging and
labelling. Both in the public and private sectors jobs are also offered in the field of
marketing and sales, transportation, farm utilities, storage and warehousing etc.
Another opportunity is to join embassies as Agricultural Specialist and other post. Also
ICRISAT is an organisation for research related job of agriculture field.
Career Opportunities in Agro - Industry Sector:
Agro - industry provides jobs to scientists, engineers, technologists, sales and marketing
people, besides the production people. These areas of work relate to production, food
processing, grain and seed processing, meat and poultry packing, dairy processing, fats and
oils, textiles, fibres, machinery and equipment, fertiliser and lime, pesticides, herbicide,
feed manufacturing, constructions, etc. for which people with adequate knowledge, in the
respective fields are required.
Agricultural Engineering:
Agricultural branch of engineering provides better job prospects as compared to other
branches. The job is related to activities aimed at improving agriculture, reconstructing
rural areas in general and agricultural machinery, power, farm structures, soil and water
conservation, rural electrification, etc.
AgriculturAL Management:
Job opportunities also exist in this relatively new areas. Agriculture related Job
opportunities7 are also available in estates and tea gardens.
Services Sector:
In order to regulate the functions of adequate and timely supply of seeds, chemicals,
fertilizers, etc. at genuine price, as also to regulate quality of the food products supplied for
consumption by people, there is requirement for people to inspect, grade, quality control
chemicals, plants and animal quarantine, agricultural technicians, agricultural consultants,
agricultural statisticians, veterinarians, foreign agricultural service, inspection and
regulation, food and feed, seed and fertiliser.
There are several Government agencies at centre, state and district levels, which appoint of
agricultural employees. In addition, at the international level the Food and Agriculture
Organisation (FAO) of the United Nation and some other agencies related to the
development of agriculture also appoints consultants.
Various corporations providing job opportunities to agriculturists include National Seed
Corporation, State Farm Corporation, Warehousing Corporation and Food Corporation.
1.       Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU), Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 
2.       Agricultural University Udaipur 
3.       Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat. 
4.       Assam Agricultural University (AAU) , Jorhat, Assam 785013
5.       Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishva Vidyalaya (BCKVV), West Bengal 
6.       Birsa Agricultural University (BAU), Ranchi, Jharkhand. 
7.       Central Agricultural University (CAU),Imphal, Manipur 
8.       Central Institute on Fisheries Education, Mumbai 
9.       Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya (PKV) , Akola, Maharashtra 
10.    Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry (YSPUH&E),
Himachal Pradesh 
11.    Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology (GBPAU&T),
Pantnagar, Uttar Pradesh 
12.    Gujarat Agricultural University, Sardar Krushinagar Dantiwada (Banaskantha) 
13.    Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
14.    Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar
15.    Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya (IGKVV), Krishak Nagar, Raipur
16.    Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya(JNKVV),  Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh  
17.    Junagadh Agricultural University (JAU), Junagadh, Gujarat 
18.    Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth (KKV), Dopali, Maharashtra  
19.    Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) Kerala 
20.    Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology (MPUAT), Udaipur,
21.    Maharashtra Animal Sciences & Fisheries Sciences University (MASFSU), Nagpur,
22.    Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (MPKV), Maharashtra
23.    Marathwada Agricultural University (MAU)   Parbhani, Maharashtra  
24.    Narendra Deva University of Agriculture & Technology, Narendra Nagar Faizabad 
25.    Navsaro Agricultural University (NAU), Navsari, Gujarat
26.    National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal
27.    Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar 
28.    Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana 
29.    Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner 
30.    Rajendra Agricultural University (RAU) Pusa, Samastipur, Bihar  
31.    Sardar Vallabah Bhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology (SVBPUAT),
32.    Sardar Krishi Nagar-Dantiwada Agricultural University (SADAU), Gujarat 
33.    Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Fishery Sciences & Technology
(SKUAS&T), Jammu 
34.    Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Srinagar  (J&K) 
35.    Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU), Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 
36.    Tamil Nadu Veterinary & Animal Sciences  University (TNV&ASU), Chennai
37.    University of Agricultural Sciences, G.K.V.K. Bangalore
38.    University of Agricultural Sciences, Krishi Nagar, Dharwad, Karnataka 
39.    UP Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Pashu Chikitasa Vigyan Vishwavidyalaya, Mathura,
40.    Uttar Banga Krishi Vishwavidyalaya (UBKV), West Bangal 
41.    West Bengal University of Animal & Fishery Sciences (WBUA&FS), Kolkata


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